A Historical Introduction to the Philosophy of Science by John Losee

By John Losee

Designed for first-time readers of the topic, this stimulating creation bargains a old exposition of differing perspectives at the philosophy of technological know-how. With concise profiles providing the foremost philosophers whose contributions are mentioned during this ebook, Losee explores the long-argued questions raised via philosophers and scientists concerning the right overview of technological know-how. This new version comprises modern advancements within the self-discipline, together with fresh paintings on theory-appraisal, experimental perform, the controversy over clinical realism, and the philosophy of biology. Taking a balanced and informative strategy, this paintings is the suitable introductory quantity.

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Bode’s Law The evaluation of mathematical correlations has been a continuing problem in the history of science. In , for example, Johann Titius suggested a correlation that was in the Pythagorean tradition. He noted that the distances of the planets from the sun could be correlated with the “suitably adjusted” terms of the geometrical series , , ,  . .     (Asteroids) (Pluto)  the debate over saving the appearances  The numbers thus obtained are in striking agreement with the observed distances, relative to Earth = .

22 Perhaps for this reason, he appended to  aristotle’s method in the medieval period his critique a “probable” theory of the universe based on classical atomism. Nicolaus wished to show, not only that Aristotle’s science was not a science of certainties, but also that Aristotle’s view of the universe was not even the most probable of world-views. Notes 1 A. C. Crombie, Robert Grosseteste and the Origins of Experimental Science (–) (Oxford: Clarendon Press, ), –. 2 Ibid. –.

The method of exhaustion is an extension of the reductio ad absurdum technique. † With regard to the requirement of deductive relations between axioms and theorems, Euclid’s geometry was deficient. Euclid deduced a number of his theorems by appealing to the operation of superimposing figures to establish their congruence. But no reference is made in the axioms to this operation of superposition. Thus Euclid “proved” some of his theorems by going outside the axiom system. Euclid’s geometry was recast into rigorous deductive form by David Hilbert in the latter part of the nineteenth century.

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