Alexandria: City of Gifts and Sorrows: From Hellenistic by Apostolos J. Polyzoides

By Apostolos J. Polyzoides

Alexandria: urban of presents and Sorrows is a historic trip from the 3rd century to the multiethnic city of the 20 th century, bringing jointly different histories of town. historic Alexandria was once outfitted by way of the Greek Ptolemies who accomplished the grand library and museum, which functioned as a college with the emphasis on technology. town was once referred to as “the birthplace of science,” and this e-book comprises tales in regards to the scientists, poets, and non secular philosophers liable for influencing the Western brain with their writings. sleek Alexandria was once rebuilt in 1805 by means of multiethnic groups who created a profitable advertisement urban and port. In 1952, a coup to unfastened the rustic from the monarchy and British domination was once masterminded, and in 1956, the socialist regime less than Colonel Gamal Abdel Nasser closed the Suez Canal, leading to the Anglo-French-Israeli invasion. This outburst of Egyptian nationalism and army revolution integrated the confiscation of estate belonging to foreigners and the next mass exodus of industrial and artisan periods that had made the town such a success. the writer used to be an eye-witness to those occasions, and he units out the political blunders and screw ups of either Egyptian and Western leaders.

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The Mustapha Pasha built, in the 3rd century BCE, highly-decorated tombs that are an example of this. The royal Ptolemaic tombs must have been inside the city walls for protection, and it is recorded by several historians that the last tomb of Alexander was built by Ptolemy IV (Philopator), close to the palace district. Reflecting that nothing has survived of the Ptolemaic civilisation, except the name of the city, Alexander’s image became a recurring thought. In order to understand Alexander the Great – a global celebrity who, even after 2,300 years, is still a subject of discussion – it is essential to know about his education, achievements, iconography, cause of his death and legacy, without the elements of myth or fiction.

South of the peninsula was the palace district and the residential area of the Greeks known as the “Brucheion”. A landmark and tourist attraction close to the coastal promenade is the square of Saad Zaghloul, with a bronze statue of the nationalist leader who led a revolution in the early 1900s. It is on this exact site that Cleopatra built her palace in 42–41 BCE, called the Caesareiom in honour of the son she had with Julius Caesar. A good description of the palace is by Philo Judeus (a Jewish scholar and religious philosopher), written around 30–40 CE, who describes it as “a very large building, with series of paintings and statues all around leading to a vast precinct embellished with porticoes, gateways, groves, open terraces and courts”.

Above the Grand Trianon, three decades before, were the offices of the British Irrigation Company where Cavafy, the internationally-renowned poet, had worked for thirty years as a clerk in the early 1900s. Right in front of me would have been ancient Alexandria, the greatest achievement of the Greeks in Egypt, created by the first ruler, Ptolemy Lagos, childhood friend of Alexander. Both were tutored by Aristotle and, twelve years later, Lagos became Alexander’s general, and Alexander’s biographer in his old age.

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