Adaptive Perspectives on Human-Technology Interaction: by Alex Kirlik

By Alex Kirlik

In lifestyle, and especially within the glossy office, details know-how and automation more and more mediate, increase, and infrequently even intervene with how people engage with their atmosphere. the best way to comprehend and aid cognition in human-technology interplay is either a virtually and socially correct challenge. The chapters during this quantity body this challenge in adaptive phrases: How are habit and cognition tailored, or maybe ill-adapted, to the calls for and possibilities of an atmosphere the place interplay is mediated by means of instruments and know-how? The authors draw seriously at the paintings of Egon Brunswik, a pioneer in ecological and cognitive psychology, in addition to on sleek refinements and extensions of Brunswikian rules, together with Hammond's Social Judgment idea, Gigerenzer's Ecological Rationality and Anderson's Rational research. encouraged through Brunswik's view of cognition as "coming to phrases" with the "casual texture" of the exterior international, the chapters during this quantity offer quantitative and computational types and measures for learning how humans come to phrases with an more and more technological ecology, and supply insights for helping cognition and function via layout, education, and different interventions. The equipment, types, and measures provided during this e-book offer well timed and significant assets for addressing difficulties within the quickly growing to be box of human-technology interplay. The booklet should be of curiosity to researchers, scholars, and practitioners in human elements, cognitive engineering, human-computer interplay, judgment and selection making, and cognitive technology.

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Psychological Review, 71, 528–530. Turvey, M. , Fitch, H. L. & Tuller, B. (1982). The Bernstein perspective: I. The problems of degrees of freedom and context-conditioned variability. In J. A. S. ), Human motor behavior: An introduction (pp. 239–252). : Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Vicente, K. J. (1999). Cognitive work analysis. : Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. II Technological Interfaces This page intentionally left blank Alex Kirlik Introduction As described by Goldstein in chapter 2, Brunswik’s approach to the study of perception drew heavily on the distinction between proximal cues, and the distal environmental objects and events associated with those cues.

The former examine “the gross characteristics or macrostructure of the pattern of proximal and peripheral mediation between the distal and central foci,” and thereby address “the problem of the grand strategy of mediation” (Brunswik, 1957, p. 8). The latter “attempt to break down the cognitive process further into its component parts” and thus concern “mediational tactics” (p. 9). As he (p. 9) put it, “Achievement and its strategy are molar problems; tactics is a molecular problem,” and clearly he felt the former problems should precede and inform the latter.

Kurz, E. M. (2001). Vicarious 23 functioning reconsidered: A fast and frugal lens model. In K. R. Hammond & T. R. ), The essential Brunswik: Beginnings, explications, applications (pp. 342–347). Oxford: Oxford University Press. , Todd, P. , & the ABC Research Group (Eds). (1999). Simple heuristics that make us smart. New York: Oxford University Press. Goldstein, W. M. (2004). Social judgment theory: Applying and extending Brunswik’s probabilistic functionalism. In D. J. Koehler & N. ), Blackwell handbook of judgment and decision making (pp.

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