By Yongxiang Lu
A heritage of chinese language technological know-how and Technology (Volumes 1, 2 & three) provides forty four person lectures, starting with historic chinese language technology and expertise within the technique of Human Civilizations and an outline of chinese language technology and expertise, and carrying on with with in-depth discussions of numerous concerns within the historical past of technological know-how and the Needham Puzzle, interspersed with subject matters on Astronomy, mathematics, Agriculture and medication, The 4 nice innovations, and diverse technological components heavily regarding garments, nutrients, safeguard and transportation.
This publication is the main authoritative paintings at the background of chinese language technological know-how and expertise. it's the Winner of the China ebook Award, the Shanghai publication Award (1st prize), and the Classical China foreign Publishing undertaking (GAPP, basic management of Press and booklet of China) and provides a necessary source for tutorial researchers and non-experts alike.
It originated with a sequence of forty four lectures offered to best chinese language leaders, which acquired very confident suggestions. Written by means of best chinese language students of their respective fields from the Institute for the historical past of normal Sciences, chinese language Academy of Sciences and lots of different revered chinese language businesses, the publication is meant for scientists, researchers and postgraduate scholars operating within the historical past of technology, philosophy of technological know-how and know-how, and similar disciplines. Yongxiang Lu is a professor, former president and member of the chinese language Academy of Sciences (CAS) and chinese language Academy of Engineering (CAE), and vp of the nationwide Congress of China.
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Extra info for A History of Chinese Science and Technology: Volume 1
The technologies of astronomical observations and astrology are in the control of the state. In traditional Chinese astronomy, the sky is divided into different regions known as constellations, corresponding to which official posts are set in the state departments. China holds the world’s longest continuous observation of astronomical phenomena and record of natural disasters. Things with scientific connotations, such as Astronomy, calendar, weights and measures, canals, and temperament, 34 D. Liu are given political significance and recorded in the official history, becoming royal learning that directly serves the supreme ruler.
The ancients have the saying that it is a shame for Confucian followers to know nothing about what they are asked. This reflects to some extent the interest of the traditional literati in understanding the nature. A wide variety of animals, plants, and minerals can be used as sources of medicine by ancient physicians. Therefore, traditional pharmacology, or knowledge of the “materia medica,” can basically be included in the scope of natural history in ancient China. Shennong’s Herbal Classic of the Han Dynasty, Annotated Shen Nong’s Herbal of the Southern and Northern Dynasty, Newly Revised Materia Medica of the Tang Dynasty, Kai Bao Materia Medica, The Illustrated Classic Herbal and Classic Classified Materia Medica for Emergencies of the Song Dynasty, and Materia Medica for Famines are monographs in pharmacology, while Compendium of Materia Medica by Li Shizhen in the Ming Dynasty is a comprehensive masterpiece.
Among them, abridged armillary and Jingfu based on the principle of pinhole imaging are most famous. Xu Guangqi of the late Ming Dynasty is an outstanding scientist and leader of national plans, with extraordinary contributions in calendar revision, flood control, 32 D. Liu military, and agriculture. ” On the contrary, development of science and technology is closely related to the natural and social environments, such as geographical conditions, political systems, economic formation, ideology, religious culture, and the intellectuals’ social statuses.